What is PROGRAF?
- PROGRAF is a prescription medicine used with other medicines to help prevent organ rejection in people who have had a kidney, liver, heart, or lung transplant.
- PROGRAF capsules and PROGRAF Granules are types of tacrolimus immediate-release drugs and they are not the same as tacrolimus extended-release tablets or tacrolimus extended-release capsules. Your healthcare provider should decide what medicine is right for you.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
What is the most important information I should know about PROGRAF?
PROGRAF can cause serious side effects, including:
- Increased risk of cancer. People who take PROGRAF have an increased risk of getting some kinds of cancer, including skin and lymph gland cancer (lymphoma).
Increased risk of infection. PROGRAF is a medicine that affects your immune system. PROGRAF can lower the ability of your immune system to fight infections. Serious infections can happen in people receiving PROGRAF that can cause death. Call your healthcare provider right away if you have any symptoms of an infection, including:
- muscle aches
- sweats or chills
- warm, red, or painful areas on your skin
- cough or flu-like symptoms
Do not take PROGRAF if you are allergic to tacrolimus or any of the ingredients in PROGRAF.
What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking PROGRAF?
Before you take PROGRAF, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:
- plan to receive any vaccines (people taking PROGRAF should not receive live vaccines)
- have or have had liver, kidney, heart, or lung problems
are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. PROGRAF can harm your unborn baby.
- If you are able to become pregnant, you should use effective birth control before and during treatment with PROGRAF. Talk to your healthcare provider before starting treatment with PROGRAF about birth control methods that may be right for you.
- Males who have female partners who are able to become pregnant should also use effective birth control before and during treatment with PROGRAF. Talk to your healthcare provider before starting treatment with PROGRAF about birth control methods that may be right for you.
- are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. PROGRAF passes into your breast milk. You and your healthcare provider should decide if you will breastfeed while taking PROGRAF.
- plan to have children. PROGRAF may affect the ability to have children in females and males (fertility problems).
Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, and when you start a new medicine or stop taking a medicine,
including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, natural, herbal, or nutritional supplements. Especially tell your healthcare provider if you take:
sirolimus (RAPAMUNE®): You should not take PROGRAF if you take sirolimus.
cyclosporine (GENGRAF®, NEORAL®, and SANDIMMUNE®)
medicines called aminoglycosides that are used to treat bacterial infections
ganciclovir (CYTOVENE® IV, VALCYTE®)
amphotericin B (ABELCET®, AMBISOME®)
antiviral medicines called nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors
antiviral medicines called protease inhibitors
water pill (diuretic)
medicine to treat high blood pressure
ritonavir (KALETRA®, NORVIR®, TECHNIVIETM, VIEKIRA PAK®, VIEKIRA XRTM)
itraconazole (ONMEL®, SPORANOX®)
clarithromycin (BIAXIN®, BIAXIN® XL, PREVPAC®)
rifampin (RIFADIN®, RIFAMATE®, RIFATER®, RIMACTANE®)
amiodarone (NEXTERONE®, PACERONE®)
Ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you are not sure if you take any of the medicines listed above. PROGRAF may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how PROGRAF works. Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of your medicines and show it to your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.
How Should I Take PROGRAF?
- Take PROGRAF exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to take it.
- Your healthcare provider may change your PROGRAF dose if needed. Do not stop taking or change your dose of PROGRAF without talking to your healthcare provider.
- Take PROGRAF with or without food, the same way every day. For example, if you choose to take PROGRAF with food, you should always take PROGRAF with food.
- Take PROGRAF at the same time each day, 12 hours apart. For example, if you take your first dose at 7:00 a.m., you should take your second dose at 7:00 p.m. Taking PROGRAF at the same time each day helps to keep the amount of medicine in your body at a steady level.
- If you take too much PROGRAF, call your healthcare provider or go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away.
- Do not open or crush PROGRAF capsules.
- Children who have trouble swallowing capsules can be given PROGRAF Granules.
- Give the dose of PROGRAF Granules right after preparing. Do not save prepared PROGRAF Granules as a liquid to take at a later time.
- See the Instructions for Use at the end of the Patient Information for detailed instructions about how to mix and give PROGRAF Granules as a liquid.
- If you get the granules or prepared oral suspension on your skin, wash the area well with soap and water.
- If you get the granules or prepared oral suspension in your eyes, rinse with plain water.
What should I avoid while taking PROGRAF?
- While you take PROGRAF you should not receive any live vaccines.
- Limit the amount of time you spend in sunlight and avoid exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light, such as tanning machines. Wear protective clothing and use a sunscreen with a high sun protection factor (SPF).
- Do not eat grapefruit or drink grapefruit juice during treatment with PROGRAF.
PROGRAF may cause serious side effects, including:
- See "What is the most important information I should know about PROGRAF?"
- problems from medicine errors. People who take PROGRAF have sometimes been given the wrong type of tacrolimus product. Tacrolimus extended-release medicines are not the same as PROGRAF capsules or granules and cannot be substituted for each other. Check your PROGRAF when you get a new prescription and before you take it to make sure you have received PROGRAF capsules or PROGRAF Granules. Check with the pharmacist and call your healthcare provider if you think you were given the wrong medicine.
high blood sugar (diabetes). Your healthcare provider may do blood tests to check for diabetes. Call your healthcare provider right away if you have any symptoms of high blood sugar, including:
- frequent urination
- increased thirst or hunger
- loss of appetite
- blurred vision
- fruity smell on your breath
- nausea, vomiting, or stomach pain
- kidney problems. Kidney problems are a serious and common side effect of PROGRAF. Your healthcare provider may do blood tests to check your kidney function.
nervous system problems. Nervous system problems are a serious and common side effect of PROGRAF. Call your healthcare provider right away if you get any of these symptoms that could be signs of a serious nervous system problem:
- changes in behavior
- changes in your vision
- numbness and tingling
- high levels of potassium in your blood. Your healthcare provider may do blood tests to check your potassium level.
- high blood pressure. High blood pressure is a serious and common side effect of PROGRAF. Your healthcare provider will monitor your blood pressure and may prescribe blood pressure medicine for you, if needed. Your healthcare provider may instruct you to check your blood pressure at home.
- changes in the electrical activity of your heart (QT prolongation).
heart problems (myocardial hypertrophy). Tell your healthcare provider right away if you get any of these symptoms of heart problems:
- shortness of breath
- feel lightheaded
- chest pain
- feel faint
- severe low red blood cell count (anemia).
- blood clotting problems. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have fever and bruising under the skin that may appear as red dots, with or without unexplained tiredness, confusion, yellowing of the skin or eyes, decreased urination. When taken with sirolimus or everolimus, the risk of developing these symptoms may increase.
The most common side effects of PROGRAF in people who have received a kidney, liver, heart, or lung transplant are:
infections in general, including cytomegalovirus (cmv) infection
tremors (shaking of the body)
high blood sugar (diabetes)
low levels of magnesium in your blood
low levels of phosphate in your blood
swelling of the hands, legs, ankles, or feet
high levels of fat in your blood
high levels of potassium in your blood
low red blood cell count (anemia)
low white blood cell count
numbness or tingling in your hands and feet
inflammation of your airway (bronchitis)
fluid around your heart
Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away. These are not all the possible side effects of PROGRAF. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
General information about the safe and effective use of PROGRAF.
- Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. Do not use PROGRAF for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give PROGRAF to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about PROGRAF that is written for health professionals.
- The Patient Information leaflet summarizes the most important information about PROGRAF. If you would like more information, talk to your healthcare provider.
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.fda.gov/medwatch, or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
Please see the accompanying Patient Information and full Prescribing Information, including Boxed Warning.